Thursday, March 24, 2016

Can a Tablet Replace a PC for Photography?

The Problem

Lately, I've had to travel a bit to Texas from Illinois, in the USA, for family reasons.  And it has occurred to me that while a Desktop PC is a wonderful tool for processing and presenting photos, it makes for a terrible travel companion.

Laptops have been the traditional substitute for travelling photographers, but they have problems of their own.  The ones good enough for photography, are heavy, HEAVY! If you've ever had to run from one terminal at O'Hare airport in Chicago to a distant terminal in 15 minutes, you will know exactly what I mean.  I won't even discuss the problems of short battery life and screen calibration.

The funny thing is, I really don't need all that laptop processing power when I travel.  I rarely have time to do any sort of editing of my photos during that time anyway. I'm lucky to have the time to save the contents of my media card and cull the terminally bad photos.  I might do a quick edit and share of a photo with family, but my REAL processing still waits until I get home to my digital darkroom set up.  What I need is a sort of coordinating software/hardware hub for my travel photography.

So it has occurred to me, along with millions of others, that a cheap Android tablet, while not a perfect travel companion, might be at least as good, if not better, than a heavy laptop with its OWN set of travel problems.  However, whenever I see this issue brought up on various photography websites, the general consensus is that this is a bad idea.  The tablets are underpowered, the memory anemic, and the upload to online storage is abysmally slow.

I have felt great frustration at this information.  I hate travelling with laptops, but I didn't see a viable alternative.  Then one day I realized that I was accepting this general consensus without doing any investigation of my own.  I had become sheeple!  I hate being sheeple.

So I set out to see if I could get away with using an Android tablet as my photo hub.

Software Choices

I own a very generic, first generation Lenovo Idea Tab A10 - 70 with 16 Gig of memory and a micro SD expansion slot along with MediaTek MTK 8121 1.3 GHz quad-core processor.  It  has a 10 inch screen, and uses Android 4.2 (Jelly Bean) OS.  It supports OTG USB accessories (pretty common, anymore); and I hasten to add that this is not the upscale Lenovo Yoga tablet.  This is a very common, mid tier, name brand, generic tablet.  I paid about $180 USD for it, and a matching USB keyboard that doubles as a cover for travel.

The first thing I looked for was software.  I discovered there was a lot of what I call "toy" photo apps.  Things that allow adolescents to add 'cool' filters to photos taken with smartphones, but not much for the serious photographer using a tablet  I did find two titles. Lightroom, and Photo Mate R3 that looked interesting to me.

Lightroom had the advantage of being free, but it did require that I convert my raw photos to dng, which would be a significant alteration to my digital darkroom practices when I got home.  I don't really WANT the dng file format as I like how my orf files are handled by ACDSee on the PC.  And while Lr doesn't really REQUIRE you to subscribe to the Adobe online environment, it's effectiveness is really enhanced by that subscription, and I wanted to use either my grandfathered in "50 gig free for life" subscription to or my other paid for, Amazon photos subscription.

Photo Mate cost $10, but it did not require a conversion to dng, and it allowed me to upload files anywhere I wanted.  Plus it offered a remarkably complete editing environment, including layers.  I thought the cost was acceptably low especially when compared to what I paid for PC based photo tools.  So I bought it and I don't regret buying it.

Photo Mate is not perfect however, Using it to edit photos on a 10 inch touch screen is kind of difficult.  My fat sausage fingers did not offer the sort of fine control that a mouse can offer. (more on this in a bit).  Also there is a bit of a lag between the change in a control  and the time it takes to display that change.  Clearly, a faster processor and higher spec'ed tablet would make it run faster.  I think it is obvious that PhotoMate is held back by the technology currently found in low to mid level tablets.

Fortunately, my editing needs on Android are pretty simple, so the auto enhance feature is really all I need to edit a photo to a point suitable for sharing it with family. I find the lag acceptable in this case.

Also, while Photo Mate does an excellent job of managing a single photo, it's rather weak when managing a batch of photos.  I tend to use the android client app to transfer photos to Box. it's better and faster, but I DO wish Photo Mate could do that for me!

Could I have used something OTHER than Photo Mate for my limited editing needs?  Probably, but it offers an almost unlimited editing and raw development pallette.  For just $10 I know I can handle just about anything fate tosses my way when I travel.

I have also found that the Lenovo File browser useful at times for batch file manipulation.  There are several file manager apps available in the Google Play Store if your tablet doesn't come with a native file manager, or if you don't like your existing manager.

Hardware Choices

Once I had my software selected, I needed to figure out how to get my photos from my camera to my tablet.  My Tablet doesn't have an SD card slot (though it does have a micro SD slot), so I can't just move the media card from my camera to my tablet.  My camera (Olympus E-M10) can upload jpgs to my smartphone via the Olympus Image Share app on my phone.  But I want to shoot raw, and OIS is kind of slow anyway,  I needed a better way to get my photos directly into my tablet.

After some research and some kind advice from others, I knew that an OTG USB hub was the way to go. basically it allows one to connect what appears to be a combination of USB hub and media card reader to the tablet via the mini USB port most Android tablets use to charge the battery.  

I bought one from  It's a no name generic, I THINK.  The brand might be Costech, but I'm willing to bet the thing sells under a variety of vendors at a variety of prices.  I believe I paid around $12 USD for it.

This is an interesting device in that you can connect a conventional USB Mouse and Keyboard to the tablet via the hub. I admit, I haven't tried a USB mouse with this, even though it might make editing photos with Photo Mate easier.  I have been reluctant to use such a mouse because of power draining issues with the hub.  I've seen bluetooth mice advertised, and I'm thinking that might be more useful to me overall for editing than a hub based solution.

When you use this hub, you need to make sure the tablet's battery is fully charged since it uses the mini USB port for access eliminating your ability to power the tablet while in use.  There is a USB power cable that comes with the hub, but it seems to power only the hub itself preventing the tablet from having to power the hub.  When connected, the tablet doesn't indicate it is receiving power by displaying the charging symbol.  Fortunately, you only need to have the hub connected for the transfer of files, once the photos are safely in your tablet you can disconnect the hub and reconnect the power supply to the tablet.

My Workflow

  1. I connect the Hub to the tablet and insert the camera's SD card into the hub.
  2. I use the Lenovo File Browser app to select and move the photos to a special folder on the micro SD card permanently installed on my tablet.
  3. I disconnect the USB Hub from the tablet
  4. I use Photo Mate R3 to browse the photos and cull obvious photos that I know I will NEVER want.  (Though I do tend to keep everything).
  5. If there are photos I want to share with people immediately, I edit them via Photo Mate, convert them to jpg, and upload them to whatever sharing location I have selected.  I could print, if I wanted, and have access to a wireless printer and an appropriate network.
  6. I upload the orf files and any edited conversion files to via the client app.  When I get home, I will then download those files to my hard drive.  Once I am certain my photos are securely uploaded to Box, and I will not need to edit them further, I feel free to delete them from my tablet.  I haven't decided yet if I will delete the stored online photos once I download them to my HD at home.  

My Performance Analysis

Performance, while not spectacular, is better than I expected.  This is NOT the equivalent of a PC connected to a wireless LAN, but I do believe it is an acceptable compromise for those times when I am travelling.

I downloaded 431 mostly orf files that combined, totaled 6.3 gig.  Individual photos ranged in size between 12 and 20 mb in size.  The transfer time to to the tablet from the SD card was 40 minutes long, the power remaining in my tablet's battery went from a 100% charge to roughly 89% in that time.  The screen did black out during that time, but that did not stop the transfer.

The upload of the 431 images to took around 50 minutes.  There was no need to track battery power usage, since at that point I had placed the tablet on the external power supply.

I found that I prefer to the Amazon Photos, or Google environments for uploading to online storage.  The upload speed wasn't really any faster, but both Amazon and Google required that I manually select each and every file individually, while allowed me to select ALL the photos in the folder.  In a batch of 300 - 400 photos, this is a significant savings in time overall.

Photo Mate has a benchmark utility to assess your particular tablet and make set up suggestions for Photo Mate.  However I found the results confusing.  The scores delivered in text format don't seem to correlate to the graph that comes with it.  The text results indicate my tablet is one of the slowest tablets ever.  But the chart sort of indicates it is the fastest.  I suspect the chart needs updating.  At the very least it needs to be reviewed for clarity and ease of understanding.

The utility recommended that I set Photo Mate's preview quality to low, and the raw decoder quality to fast (bilinear).  I tried all those sort of settings, but I saw no difference in my response time.  I suspect I could use a better set of tablet specs!

So, what's the verdict for me?  I think I'm going to continue using my tablet for this purpose,  I like being able to upload my files to Box so I can clear my SD card for the next day's shooting (If I can find the time for more shooting, that is!).  And I REALLY like not having to carry a laptop around with me.

Yeah, it's slow, but I can schedule the tasks for during the night or other down time, so I don't have to be around or awake when it is happening.


  1. Why not use a Tablet/Ultrabook Pc instead?

    I read your article with interest.
    I've used a different solution in the past year when I'm on the road. Got me a Dell Venue Pro 11 which is a Tablet Pc, a sleek Tablet and at the same time a small Ultrabook Pc with full HD display, Bluetooth, USB 3, microSD reader, good capacity, Windows 10 and an optional detachable keyboard. In the tablet I have ACDSee installed. In this way, I have the same possibilities when I'm on the go as when I use my regular Pc at home for both processing and organizing my photos. And all image processing, RAW processing, cropping etc. follow along to the regular Pc at home.
    When the photos is selected and processed in the tablet I store them in the OneDrive folder, so they are automatically synchronized with OneDrive (file hosting service included in Win 10). When I get home the photos is synchronized automatically to my home Pc and then I can easily organize them in optional directories. Should there be large amounts of data and it is not practical to synchronize to the OneDrive-cloud (depending on the internet connection), then I save the photo files on a USB flash drive or SD card as backup.
    This has proved to be a very simple and practical workflow, where I am using the same software on both computers and at the same time, always have a backup. If I want to have some other photo software on my tablet, there are many to choose from. I myself have ACDSee, Olympus Viewer, MS ICE and a Collage software installed on both computers.

    Good luck, Bo Karlsson

  2. Bo,

    I have no doubt your solution is better by many standards of measure. however, as I type this, Your device costs between $700 - $1000 US dollars.

    For that kind of money, even with the little extras I bought to make my solution work, I could buy between 6.5 and 10 set ups to implement my solution (includes software and hardware).

    That's money I'd rather spend on a new lens or a trip to someplace interesting.

  3. Hi,
    My solution is clearly more expensive than an cheap Android tablet, but I wanted to still provide an option that I have tried and that works well and gives a very good workflow.

    Dell Venue Pro 11 is an expensive professional Tablet (USD 500-900), but there are simpler and cheaper Windows tablets for approximately USD 300 which is also useful (but with a lower capacity of course).

    Thank you for a nice webpage. Regards Bo Karlsson

  4. Hi Glen
    I was interested in your experience. Thanks for sharing. My solution is to use a Samsung Galaxy Note tablet. This gives you a fast tablet with an excellent screen, the latest version of Android and a Pen/Stylus. The Photo-Mate software works exceptionally well with the stylus. While a bluetooth keyboard and mouse (I use a Logitech combo) also work well, with a stylus built in to the tablet, you can leave your pesky mouse home.The Galaxy Note has a miniSD slot and takes a 4G sim card.
    I like to use Photo-Mate in Simple mode because I love the slider at the bottom of the screen.The other device I'm planning to try is one of the new memory sticks with an onboard OTG connector.I've also ordered an external wireless SSD with a built in SD card reader. There are some really cool options for a mobile photography lab now.

  5. Glen, thanks for posting this. Want to take RAW photos when traveliong and even a laptop is too much junk to haul. I tried to use lightroom on my Samsung S2 tablet and remembered why I don't like adobe software. Really clumsy with lots of "you have to do it my way" attitude (you vill use DNG und you vill like it). Photo mate looks to be a very reasonable approach. $10 is a great price.

  6. You should look at hard drive for storage with you tablet and phone.

    I bought one and it works really well. Everyone in my family can store stuff on it and log in to use it.

    It works with most operating systems.

  7. The most compact way is to use many 128GB mini SD cards. They only cost £35 ($44) each. Using the normal size adapter for camera. Them plug into tablet for light editing and uploading most important ones.

  8. Yes, nice to see this blog. Cost of that adapter for camera

  9. In April my 11" laptop died 3 days into a 4 week trip. Everything I needed was duplicated on my smartphone, but I was now unable to backup the SD cards. OTG was the obvious solution, but no shops or online sources I checked in both Portugal and France had them in stock.

    Being laptop free (except for the weight) was an unexpected eye opener, so it will stay home on my next trip. Instead I'll have
    2 OTG card readers and 2 sets of storage media. Why 2 card readers? If one dies, so does your ability to back up. Why on 2 sets of storage media? Twenty years of programming on and playing with personal computers taught me how to count backups. Take the number of up to date backups you have on different targets (e.g., cloud, HD, thumb drive). Subtract 1. In other words, backup your backup.

  10. Another portable backup solution would be XferMax X8. CFast/XQD/SD card slots are built-in, no external card reader required. Palm-size, light. Two LCD screens allow to preview your photo in JPEG or RAW format. for detail .